Bipolar Disorder Definition | Symptoms and Types
Everyone has mood swings and no one is different. However, if the mood swings affect our ability to function. If the periods of mood elevation or that of low mood last days or even weeks. If the mood changes are associated with characteristic features, then Bipolar as a diagnosis should be considered. Bipolar Disorder is a relatively common mental health condition. It is associated with long-lasting periods of mood changes. There are different types of Biopolar which characterised by different symptoms. The following article is about bipolar disorder definition and its characteristic symptoms.
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Also, known as manic depression. Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition with longer-lasting consistent mood changes. It also associated with characteristic features. These are present during those periods of extreme mood. It can affect a person directly or indirectly. In fact, It affects a person’s state of mind, judgement, and decision making. For example, when someone is experiencing an extreme state of mood, they might behave in a way that is not normal for them. These actions may have side effects. When someone is unwell from their bipolar there may be unintended effects on friends, family and work colleagues.
Sounds like a helpless situation? Actually, no.
The bipolar disorder might be a lifetime illness. Managing this can depend mainly on one’s beliefs. Controlling the disorder to an extent of a person’s mood swings and other related symptoms are achievable. This can be done through a well planned mental health care program. One that is adjusted to the individual, emotional and psychological needs of a person.
What are the types and symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
There are actually a few types of bipolar related disorders. They show different bipolar symptoms such as mania, hypomania and depression. The distress felt may definitely lead to difficulties across all sides of life. So this can affect our sleep, energy levels and think overall. However, knowing the disorder condition might be very useful in defining bipolar.
Bipolar 1 Disorder
In this condition, a person has had at least one event of mania. A manic event is sometimes related to psychosis. Psychosis is a state of changed reality. A manic event is a long-lasting period, over 7 days of uplifted mood.
Bipolar 2 Disorder
In this condition, a person has had at least one event of hypomania and there are no psychotic symptoms. This is not a light bipolar disorder. It is a separate diagnosis. Individuals who suffer from Bipolar type 2 Disorder can go through a wave of depressive events.
In this disorder, a person has had at least two years of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms. The mood changes are not as utmost but follow a repeated nature.
It should be noted that bipolar disorder can be triggered at any point in a person’s life. It can happen at any age. However, bipolar disorder is often diagnosed around the mid-20s. Bipolar symptoms are clear and can differ from one person to another.
The following video on defining bipolar by one of our Psychiatrist at Epsychiatry will help you understand how you can help someone who struggles with this condition. The video discusses bipolar disorder definition, warning signs, features of bipolar, and what you can do if and when you think the person is becoming unwell. This might help you with defining bipolar.
What are Mania and Hypomania?
Bipolar features Mania and Hypomania are distinct from each other. However, they do share the same symptom basis. When knowing bipolar disorder definition, It may well be known that mania is a bit more severe than Hypomania. Mania causes problems at work, school and in daily life. In fact, it also does affect the social activities of a person. Our friends may notice that we aren’t our usual selves. This may cause difficulties when it comes to building relationships. Mania when notable can result in hospitalisation.
What are the symptoms, you may ask?
- Restlessness or Anxiety
- Increased energy
- Excessive happiness or an increased self-confidence or well-being.
- Lack of sleep.
- Extremely talkative, speaking louder and over others.
- Thoughts race, inability to finish compose or keep a thought without jumping from one topic
- Easily Distracted.
- Changed judgement or thought processes that are different to usual.
Major Depressive episodes, what is this about?
A person who suffers from vital depressive episodes as one of the features caused by bipolar can struggle with the following.
- They find it hard to maintain motivation.
- Good energy level.
- Feel happy.
Psychologists identify clear symptoms related to depression. Some are poor sleep, appetite changes and not being able to enjoy activities. Psychologists take these signs into thought. They use it to prepare a management plan. This will be really helpful when it comes to defining bipolar. In bipolar disorder definition, Major depressive events include the following signs and symptoms:
- The continued feeling of sadness, hopelessness and being tearful.
- For some, high emotions of irritability are an indicator.
- No sense of pleasure or inability to feel happy or satisfied.
- Extreme weight loss or gain.
- Poor sleeping patterns, either a person sleeps too much or not enough.
- Loss of energy.
- Inability to decide, think or concentrate.
- Thoughts of suicide.
One must get help if suicide suddenly becomes an ongoing thought. There is nothing wrong with acknowledging one’s fears. It is best to know about bipolar disorder definition. A mental health care plan can be a solution. Meanwhile, people need to realise that psychology or psychiatry may just be the “key” as they will be knowing bipolar disorder definition and makes you aware of it. Therefore, If you feel you can benefit from professional mental health input. Then, speak to your family doctor.
After all, we all deserve to be happy. Therefore, it’s important to get help from mental health professionals to achieve it.